1. Don’t build a campfire if there’s a burn ban in place. Do you really want to be the guy that started a forest fire? Follow the rules, those burn bans are in place for a reason.
2. Even if there isn’t a burn ban in place, if winds are high, it’s best to not have a campfire.
3. You don’t need a bonfire. Build your fire just big enough to suit your purpose (cooking, staying warm, etc.).
4. Have a shovel and several gallons of water handy to put out your fire. It can take as much as five gallons of water to fully extinguish a fire. After you pour your water on the fire, stir it thoroughly with your shovel. When you feel like it’s out, put your hands over it to be certain there’s no more heat.
5. Don’t walk away from your campfire and leave it unattended.
6. Only throw trash in the fire if it’s going to be fully consumed. Don’t throw things like plastic in it, nobody wants to smell the fumes. If you do throw something in there that isn’t fully burned, either pack it out or throw it in the trash before you leave your campsite.
7. If there’s a fire-ring already in your camping area, don’t build another one.